Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) is a relatively short term, focused approach, to the treatment of many types of emotional, behavioural and psychiatric problems. It is a collaborative and individualised program that helps individuals to identify unhelpful thoughts and behaviours, and then to learn or relearn healthier skills and habits. CBT examines all elements that maintain a problem, including our thoughts (cognitions), feelings, behaviour and the environment.
As part of a CBT program some of the cognitive techniques commonly used include identification and modification of automatic thoughts, core beliefs, expectancies, and self-efficacy beliefs, and some of the commonly used behavioural techniques include relaxation training, assertion training, pleasant activity scheduling, and the use of behavioural experiments.
CBT has been researched extensively, and has demonstrated effectiveness with a variety of emotional difficulties including: