A paediatrician is a doctor who provides specialist medical care to infants, children and adolescents. There are general paediatricians and specialist paediatricians such as paediatric cardiologists, gastroenterologists and developmental experts.

Paediatricians are first trained as doctors and undertake six years of university study and training to gain their basic medical qualifications. Some teaching and experience in paediatrics is included in their basic medical qualifications. Having obtained their medical degree, doctors must then work as interns in a general hospital for a further 12 months to gain experience in specialist aspects of medicine and surgery in order to become fully registered as medical practitioners. Following their internship, doctors must complete at least a further year as Resident Medical Officers.

To become a paediatrician doctors must then complete six years of specialist paediatric training. The purpose of training in paediatrics and child health is to produce a paediatrician competent to provide, at consultant level, unsupervised comprehensive general or subspecialty care for children and their families.